Friendship is an essential part of human life, offering companionship, support, and shared experiences. However, not all friendships are healthy or positive. Sometimes, people can form toxic friendship, which can have a negative impact on their well-being, mental health, and self-esteem.
In this article, we will explore what a toxic friendship is, its signs and symptoms, and ways to manage or end such a relationship.
What is a Toxic Friendship?
Undoubtedly, a true friend radiates positive vibes and adds meaning to your life with their presence. However, the flip side exists as well. A toxic friendship is a type of relationship in which one person consistently engages in harmful, controlling, or manipulative behavior toward the other.
In healthy friendships, both parties feel valued, respected, and heard. In contrast, toxic friendships are characterized by an unequal power dynamic, where one person dominates while the other feels powerless or undermined.
There is no space for one party to express their feelings; instead, consistent bullying prevails. Being around such individuals can feel like a curse.
Let’s learn more about toxic friendships in the following sections.
Signs and Symptoms of a Toxic Friendship
If you are unsure whether your friendship is toxic, here are some common signs and symptoms to look out for.
1. They torment you with criticism and negativity
In friendship, it’s perfectly fine to share jokes and playful banter healthily. However, toxic friendships are different. In a toxic friendship, a toxic friend will frequently criticize and belittle you, whether it’s done openly or behind your back.
They might be quick to point out your flaws, mock your achievements, or consistently complain about their problems without showing any interest in your life.
2. Take undue advantage of manipulation and control
When you make a mistake, a true friend who loves you will kindly point out your flaws in a supportive manner. However, a toxic friend won’t do that. They take advantage of your mistakes and may employ manipulation tactics to control you, such as guilt-tripping, gaslighting, or emotional blackmail.
In some situations, they may place the blame on you for things that happen in their life. Furthermore, they ensure that you feel responsible for their feelings, choices, or actions and may pressure you into doing things that make you uncomfortable.
3. They are filled with jealousy and envy
When you achieve success at work, a true friend will be there to applaud and celebrate your accomplishments. However, a toxic friend may react with jealousy and envy in the face of your achievements. Their envy doesn’t stop at the workplace; it extends to your relationships and opportunities.
What’s more, they might attempt to sabotage your accomplishments, engage in unhealthy competition, or spread damaging rumors to undermine your reputation. Toxic friends can’t genuinely share in your joy or success; they never want to see you win. In fact, if you’re on a winning streak, they’ll do their best to bring you down!
4. Boundaries and respect are blurred
In every friendship, the presence of healthy boundaries is crucial, and these boundaries should be respected by all involved. However, toxic friends often display a disregard for boundaries. They may intrude upon your personal space without consideration or show disrespect for your values and beliefs.
At times, they make you feel uncomfortable, embarrassed, or ashamed of your choices and may pressure you to conform to their expectations. Toxic friends do not respect the limits that should exist within any healthy relationship.
5. The friendship is always one-sided
In a healthy friendship, both parties contribute equally to the growth of the relationship. However, a toxic friend may expect you to be available to them at all times without offering the same level of support or care in return. They may lean on your shoulder during tough times but won’t be there for you when you need them, neither emotionally nor physically.
For example, they might cancel plans at the last minute, fail to show up when you rely on them, or use you as a sounding board for their problems without giving you a chance to share yours. Toxic friends often create an imbalance in the give-and-take dynamic of a friendship.
6. They apologize, but they do not mean it
When a toxic friend makes a mistake, and you call them out on it, they may offer an apology, but it’s often not genuine or wholehearted. To them, ‘sorry’ is just a word without real meaning. Rather than taking responsibility and addressing the root of their error, they tend to justify their bad behavior, avoiding accountability for their actions.
7. They make you nervous
Normally, when you’re with your best friends, life and the atmosphere should feel surreal and delightful. However, in the presence of toxic friends, you’re often left feeling uneasy. They can be unpredictable, prone to abusive behavior, and may act impulsively. All of this creates a constant sense of nervousness, making it difficult to predict their next actions or reactions!
What Effect a Toxic Friendship Can Have on You?
Now that we mentioned the signs of a toxic friendship, it’s important to know that these friendships can harm you. Yes, they do have a negative effect on an individual’s emotional, mental, and sometimes even physical well-being. Here are some of the key impacts:
- They can decrease your self-esteem, and that’s all because of constant criticism or belittling.
- Around them, there is increased stress and anxiety. They are so unpredictable that you never know how they will react, and it can result in heightened stress and anxiety levels.
- Toxic friends drain you emotionally because dealing with them is exhausting. They don’t understand things easily, or they are probably not that flexible to understand them.
- Toxic friends often leave you isolated and do not let you mingle with anyone else. Due to this, you miss out on some great friends because they try to monopolize your time and attention, leading to loneliness.
- Toxic friends can cloud your judgment. They fill in so many presumptions that can easily impair your decision-making, and that too in some important life aspects.
- You start developing pessimistic behavior because toxic friends literally want you to mirror them. They fill you with so much negativity about the people around you that you start behaving like one, hampering your personality.
- Being around toxic friends can lead to many mental health issues like depression and anxiety disorders.
- Not just mental ailments, but they can lead to physical ailments, too, like headaches, sleep disturbances, and a weakened immune system.
How to Manage a Toxic Friendship?
Now that you know the signs and effects of a toxic friendship, it’s also important to know the management of such relations. So, here are some tips for managing a toxic friendship:
1. Start with setting boundaries
First and foremost, it’s essential to establish and maintain clear boundaries in any relationship, not just when dealing with toxic friendships. Start by confidently saying ‘NO’ when you sense that something doesn’t feel right.
If you find certain aspects of a person or situation uncomfortable, it’s crucial to limit your contact and company with those individuals. Refuse to engage in negative behaviors like gossiping or backbiting. Remember that it’s important for the other person to respect your boundaries, so stand firm in your stance.
2. Practice honesty to the core
There’s a famous saying, ‘Honesty is the best policy.’ If you feel comfortable, it’s important to honestly communicate with your toxic friend about your thoughts and concerns. Share your feelings and articulate the consequences of their toxic behavior. It’s crucial to stay focused on the topic and be specific about the problems you’ve observed.
While addressing these issues, try to avoid blaming or attacking them. Instead, maintain a calm and mature demeanor and be open to hearing their perspective. However, it’s essential not to compromise on your well-being in the process.
3. Give it a second chance if you think so
If, after an open and honest dialogue, your friend is genuinely willing to apologize, you might consider giving them a second chance. However, it’s essential not to rush this decision.
Take time to observe their behavior and assess whether they truly exhibit remorse for their actions. If you are convinced that they are genuinely remorseful, then offering a second chance could be an option. Otherwise, you’ll know the appropriate course of action to take!
4. Take a break from them
If you find that you’re spending too much time with or thinking about a toxic friendship, it can be detrimental to your well-being. Instead, consider taking a break from the friendship. This break can provide you with much-needed clarity about the direction of your toxic friendship and the necessary steps to take.
During this break, circumstances might improve, and your mind will have the clarity needed to make a final decision about the friendship’s future.
5. Do not blame yourself
It’s essential to understand that the reason behind a toxic friendship is not your fault. Some people inherently possess negative traits that you can’t control. It’s not your responsibility to fix or educate them. Therefore, if you choose to prioritize your well-being, that’s completely okay and valid!
6. Prioritize your happiness
You’ve been through a lot, so it’s essential to take time for self-reflection and healing. Focus on your well-being and practice self-care.
Engage in activities that bring you immense happiness, whether it’s cycling, reading a good book, pursuing hobbies, or spending time with positive people. Don’t allow a toxic friendship to consume your life or drain your energy.
Be kind and gentle with yourself, and remember that you are doing the best you can in a challenging situation.
7. Don’t get stuck in the trivial drama
Toxic friendships often come with drama and chaos, and you surely don’t want to be caught up in it, do you? This drama can drain your happiness and peace. So, it’s crucial to refrain from engaging in gossip, arguments, or any unnecessary drama with your friend. Instead, focus on maintaining your center and staying grounded.
8. Take this experience as a learning
Handling a toxic friendship can be a challenging and painful experience, but it can also be an opportunity for growth and learning. Take the time to reflect on what you’ve learned from this experience and consider how you can use this knowledge to nurture healthy, positive relationships in the future.
9. Consider ending this toxic circle
Suppose the toxic behavior becomes unmanageable despite your best efforts, and it’s taking a toll on your mental and physical well-being. In that case, you may need to make the difficult decision to end the friendship. While it can be painful, sometimes it’s the best way to protect yourself and move forward.
However, it’s important to approach this task with respect and compassion. You don’t have to provide lengthy justifications or engage in a prolonged discussion. Instead, you can express your gratitude for the positive aspects of the friendship and your hope for their well-being. Gradual distancing and limiting contact over time can also be an option.
10. Seek Support
Talk to a trusted friend, family member, or therapist about your situation. They can provide you with emotional support, offer objective feedback, and guide you on how to cope with a toxic friendship. Remember, there’s no need to isolate yourself or feel ashamed about seeking help.
Over to you…
Toxic friendships can indeed be damaging and distressing but always remember that you deserve healthy, supportive relationships in your life. Don’t hesitate to set boundaries, speak up for yourself, and seek help when necessary.
It’s perfectly okay to prioritize your well-being and happiness, even if it means letting go of a toxic friendship. By doing so, you are creating space for positive, fulfilling relationships to enter your life.